Evacuation model in building environment / Evacuation model at on-ship environment / SMART CFD system for fire modeling


Initial Release: 2006.11.29 / Latest Ver.: 2014.02.04

building EXODUS
maritime EXODUS

Related Product
EXODUS/SMARTFIRE Analysis Support Service
UC-win/Road / UC-win/Road EXODUS Plugin


■ COVID-19 Mitigation Analysis NEW!

Since March 2020, The Fire Safety Engineering Group (FSEG) of the University of Greenwich has been modifying their SMARTFIRE and buildingEXODUS models for use in COVID19 related applications to evaluate proposed mitigation strategies.
Mathematical tools, particularly Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Agent Based Modelling (ABM), offer a potential means to assess mitigation strategies and quantify their effectiveness. CFD models can simulate the movement of air in complex spaces, taking into account both forced and natural ventilation, and the dispersion of respired droplets and aerosols. ABM can simulate the movement and behaviour of large numbers of people in complex spaces. By modifying the behaviour rules within ABM appropriately, it is possible to simulate the movement of crowds, as individuals attempt to maintain a specified distance apart (SDA).

Details: https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/fseg-covid-19-mitigation-analysis-harnessing-cfd-fire-ed-galea/

building EXODUS Program Overview

buildingEXODUS is not only an evacuation model, but also a computer-based laboratory to evaluate the behavior and movement of people in case of an emergency.
buildingEXODUS, developed by Fire Safety Engineering Group (FSEG) of the University of Greenwich, UK through their pioneering and research development, simulates the interaction of people and people, people and fire, and people and structures. This model tracks the path of each individuals to evacuate the room influenced by the heat, smoke, and the toxic gases.

■ Well known projects buildingEXODUS was used  
  • Redevelopment of Dusseldorf Airport
  • Golden Pyramids Plaza - Egypt
  • Extension of the 2nd Avenue Subway, New York
  • San Francisco Metro
  • London Millennium Dome
  • Sydney Olympic Stadium

maritime EXODUS Program Overview

maritimeEXODUS is not only an evacuation model, but also a computer-based laboratory to evaluate the behavior and movement of people in case of an emergency. maritimeEXODUS, developed by Fire Safety Engineering Group (FSEG) of the University of Greenwich, UK through their pioneering and research development, which simulates the interaction of people and people, people and fire, and people and structures. This model tracks the path of each passenger who gathers at the designated place to gather and is waiting for their turn to leave the ship. maritimeEXODUS assumes passengers who are affected by fire and predicts whether they can escape from heat, smoke and poisonous gases. maritimeEXODUS also evaluates the impact of the heel trim in cruise speed to simulate the stages of sinking.

■ Possible application of maritimeEXODUS
- accident analysis - Cruise ship
- Roll on-Roll off ferry boat - Sightseeing ship
- Naval ships - Offshore facility
- HSC - FPSO (Floating Production Storage and Offloading Unit)

SMARTFIRE Program Overview

SMARTFIRE is an advanced computational fluid dynamics (CFD) environment developed by FSEG, Fire Safety Engineering Group of University of Greenwich. Unlike other CFD software for fire simulations, SMARTFIRE has been specifically designated and developed, based on FSEG's over 20 years of experience in CFD modeling, as a fire simulation tool used in fire engineering.
SMARTFIRE has many unique features for the problem setting and the design of easy and efficient evacuation and analysis, which provides desk top laboratory to simulate and analyze fire quickly, and allows fire engineers to concentrate on design rather than CFD or software issues

▲ SMARTFIRE visualization environment

▲ Fire and evacuation simulation by EXODUS for cruise ship

Related Information

Related Information

◆Calculation method of evacuation time approved by Tokyo Fire Department
Evacuation calculation method by evacuation analysis EXODUS
◆Overseas cooperation
FSEG (Fire Safty Engineering Group), University of Greenwich
FORUM8 reached agreement with FSEG (Fire Safety Engineering Group) of the University of Greenwich in marketing, localizing and supporting EXODUS and SMARTFIRE.
◆Sample movie
  • buiding EXODUS analysis model movie ('14.01.28)
    buildingEXODUS Ver.6 new feature "Elevator model" YouTube
  • UC-win/Road for EXODUS sample movie ('08.02.19)
    UC-win/Road for EXODUS
  • UC-win/Road evacuation analysis sample movie ('07.09.14)
    Fire modeling of Takarazuka karaoke box
    Fire modeling of Nihonzaka tunnel Fire
    Modeling of fire evacuation drill at high rise building
  • Sample case ('07.05.25)
    Fire modeling of Takaraduka karaoke box
    Fire modeling of Nihonzaka tunnel Fire
    Modeling of fire evacuation drill at high rise building

Functions and features

building EXODUS

The software has been written in C++ using Object Orientated techniques utilizing rule base technology to control the simulation. For additional flexibility, these rules are categorized into five interacting submodels, the occupant, movement, behavior, toxicity and hazard submodels. These submodels operate on a region of space defined by the geometry of the enclosure.
Geometry is represented as meshed nodes and nodes are linked by arcs. Each node represents the region of space which is usually occupied by one person.

  • vrEXODUS post-processing Virtual Reality animation tool.
  • Easy to use/ high speed processing/ runs on standard PC
  • Interactive run-time 2D graphics allows occupant interrogation.
  • Run-time 2D graphics can display individual occupants, population densities and smoke and temperature distribution.
  • Batch Mode allows rapid execution of multiple runs
  • Ability to distinguish emergency exits from normal exits and assign exit usage according to occupant familiarity.
  • Determines time spent in congestion for each occupant.
  • Census nodes/lines/regions allows collection of flow statistics at any arbitrary point or region within the structure.
  • Toxicity calculations determined using FED models.
  • Occupant interaction to toxic gases or irritant gases
  • askEXODUS, a tool designed to assist in the analysis of large data output files produced from multiple runs, available
  • Itinerary function enabling allocation of tasks to individuals
  • Managed zone is decided based on the visibility of signage
  • Can assign exit according to the state of congestion occupant familiarity
  • Sets the scope of new nodes for circular application.
  • Reads CFAST fire simulation history files
  • Reads SMARTFIRE CFD fire simulation files
  • Enhancement of steps function: Collect Person / Drop Off Person, Coordinated Delay function


maritimeEXODUS case examples

maritimeEXODUS has been utilized in the UK, the Netherlands, Italy, Korea, in Canada, in the analysis of following cases: large passenger ships such as ferries and roll-on or roll off ferries and sightseeing ships; naval ships, such as HSCs, frigates and aircraft carriers; large river boats and ferries on Thames; and offshore industry's crude oil platforms.
maritimeEXODUS has distinguished itself by winning some of the most prestigious awards that the maritime industry has to offer, such as RINA/LR Award for the safety of ships in 2002 and CITIS Award for IT revolution in vessel operation and was recognized as "The most indispensable evacuation tool for MOD, Ministry of Defense to develop the guidance and the assessment of the evacuation design for navel ships" by U.K. MOD. As one of EXODUS product family, maritimeEXODUS was laureate through winning BCS prize 2001, Queen's Anniversary Award 2002 and European IST prize 2004.

EXODUS model

maritimeEXODUS uses human performance data generated by SHEBA, the world's largest ship testing facility.
The data includes human performance to handle corridors, vertical ladders, 60 degree stairs, water tight doors and hatches. To move on vertical ladders, 60 degree stairs, water tight doors and hatches.
The model has been enhanced lately to include human performance on the condition of heeling, where smoke is included.

maritimeEXODUS function
  • Full compliance with IMO MSC 1033 (muster simulation)
  • impact of trim and heel on travel speeds, impact of wearing life jackets on passenger travel speeds and life Jacket retrieval
  • Ability to include contra-flow, Ability to represent crew/pax procedures e.g. fire fighting
  • Ability to incorporate impact of fire, smoke, heat, toxic gas, Combining smoke with ship orientation (EU/FIRE-EXIT)
  • Simulation of the abandonment phase Ability to simulate non-evacuation procedures e.g. boarding
  • Incorporate ladders, hatches, water tight doors and 60-degree stairs
  • Linkage with SMARTFIRE
  • Direct coupling to CFD fire simulation software (EU/Fire-Exit)
  • Script function to clarify a journey of crews and passengers
  • Densely populated areas can be identified automatically.


SMARTFIRE function
  • Intuitive CAD-like interface for the quick modeling of complicated shapes
  • Automated mesh generation for fire analysis
  • Graphical User Interface (GUI) which enables quick setting of physical and numerical parameters and interactive monitoring of simulation process
  • Parallel processing function to reduce the calculation time dramatically
  • Semi-automated link to EXODUS, which can import complicated fire data to evacuation simulation.
  • Post processing visualization which allows quick access to the simulation result
  • Three radiation model options
  • Gaseous combustion models
SMARTFIRE research and development

FSEG has continual responsibility for the research and development of computational fire engineering. The research and development activity supports continual development of SMARTFIRE.

Pre-Processing tools *can be linked to EXODUS
The Scenario Designer can be used to facilitate importing 2D CAD building plans into the SMARTFIRE system.
The GUI and the embedded Automated Meshing tool are coupled into a highly intuitive tool capable of creating highly complex modeling scenarios. Linkage to the EXODUS suite of evacuation models can also be specified.

CFD engine
The CFD Engine provides fully interactive control and solution monitoring including 2D slice visualizations, interactive 3D data visualizations and line graphs.
A parallel CFD engine is also available to allow office based PCs to work together as a powerful computing resource.

Post-Processing tools
The post-processing can be performed using the CFD engine or for Virtual reality style graphics the Data Viewer can be used.
The data viewer allows the easy production of VR style graphics and animations for effective client facing.

UC-win/Road for EXODUS  >>UC-win/Road

Evacuation analysis real time VR (Virtual Reality)



▲Animation player
▲Tunnel evacuation VR model (Qingdao, China model) 6th 3D VR Simulation Contest review 2007-Nov.

Calculation method of evacuation time approved by Tokyo Fire Department

Evacuation calculation method by evacuation analysis EXODUS

The following calculation method of evacuation time has been approved by Tokyo Fire Department by considering of preventive technique committee according to article 76 of the fire safety regulation as it is “equivalent method to fire evacuation simulation” according to the article 3.1 (3) of Guideline of calculation of estimated evacuation time (March 19, 2008).

(1) Name of evacuation calculation method
EXODUS (developed by Fire Safety Engineering Group, Greenwich University, UK)

(2) Conditions for the method

Item Design condition
Evacuee models body space
the center point of personal space
personal space
0.5m×0.5m of square (called as "node")

The following node-arc model is used in EXODUS. The arcs connect each node, and evacuees move from node to other node via arcs.
A node is 0.5-m square, and the length of an arc is 0.5m between the center of nodes.

node (green square), arc (red line)
Setting of evacuation route The potential is given to the exit nodes and the potential of the region is decided. Minimum route is set for the evacuation route so that the potential is reduced.

Potential of both exits are same

Potential of both exits are different
Walking speed (max. value) / Plane part 1.0m/s
Flow coefficient (max. value) 1.5 person/msec (width of 0.2 persons/msec)

EXODUS/SMARTFIRE Web Estimation Service

"EXODUS/SMARTFIRE Web Estimation Service" is available (Japanese) as a part of EXODUS/SMARTFIRE analysis support services. You can browse and see the results of web estimation as well as its itemized breakdown of evacuation model for building environment and SMART CFD system for fire modeling.

▶ https://www2.forum8.co.jp/EXODUS_estimate/

▲Log in screen (Japanese)

EXODUS related consultative service (our proposal)

Services including the analysis of "fire walkdown" application cases and the simulation of "fire walkdown" and fire hazard.

Services are implemented jointly with the experienced overseas agencies in the area of "fire walkdown" and fire hazard simulation.

■Supported by:
FSEG : University of Greenwich, UK
HAI: Hughes Associates, U.S.A.

Research and analysis cases

(1) Streamlining and analysis of "fire walkdown"

  1. Streamlining fire hazard analysis (FHA) in Code of Federal Regulations
    • 1) 10CFR50.48
    • 2) 10CFR50 Appendix A GDC-3
    • 3) 10CFR50 Appendix R
    • 4) Regulatory Guide 1.189
  2. Streamlining and analysis of "fire walkdown" method
    • 5) NUREG/CR-6850
  3. Creating outlined "fire walkdown" document
  4. Detailed documentation of "fire walkdown" in 7 stages.
  5. Creating analysis document concerning the check points to implement "fire walkdown" domestically.
  6. Creating research document concerning "fire walkdown" procedure in the U.S.A.

(2) Analysis of "fire walkdown" real cases
  • Creating analysis document of "fire walkdown" procedure in the U.S.A.
  • Creating research document concerning the relation between fire walkdown and FHA
(3) Creating and applying guidelines at the time of fire walkdown
  • Creating research document of concerning the outline of guideline and the maintenance procedure
  • Analysis of case studies, examination of applicability and creation of report

HAI's example case in this field

■case 1

Project name:
NFPA 805:
Performance Based Standard for Fire Protection for Light Water Reactor Electric Generating Plants

Additional information: Mr. E. Kleinsorg, who has supported the project is a committee member and a co-author of the code mentioned above.

Client: National Fire Protection Association (NFPA),
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)

■case 2

Project name:
NEI 04-02:
Guidance for Implementing A Risk Informed, Performance-Based Fire Protection Program Under 10 CFR 50.48(c)

Additional information: E. Kleinsorg, who collaborated the project, is the main author of the guidance above.

Client: Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI)

air EXODUS Evacuation model for aviation environment

The simulation using this program is provided as a our consultative service. Contact FORUM8 for more details. >>Contact us

  • Simulation for all types of aircrafts
  • Aircraft design, 90-second evacuation certification trial , Crew training, Evacuation planning, Accident investigation

Developed by: Fire Safety Engineering Group (FSEG) of the University of Greenwich, UK (http://fseg.gre.ac.uk/)


Product Price

■building EXODUS

Product Price
1 year
building EXODUS Level A USD3,900
building EXODUS Level B USD7,900
building EXODUS Level C USD10,500

■maritime EXODUS

Product Price
1 year
maritime EXODUS Level A USD5,200
maritime EXODUS Level B USD9,100
maritime EXODUS Level C USD13,100


Product Price
1 year

* You need to purchase protect key separately: USD360

Function Level A Level B Level C
Supports limited hazard models yes yes yes
Movie player and data analysis model askEXODUS are available. yes yes yes
Can handle multi-layer data and unlimited population size data. yes yes yes
Data export function to vrEXODUS, VR post processor are available. no yes yes
Toxic gas model (Smoke, fire and toxic gas of fire model in simulation)
supported. (Data of zone model CFAST V5.0/V4.01 and CFD based
fire field models SMARTFIRE V4.0)
no no yes
Function of importing history data to define fire environment are available. no no yes

Academy Price

Academy Price

Product Price
1 2-5 6 or more
building EXODUS USD2,700 USD760 Please inquire
maritime EXODUS USD2,700 USD760 Please inquire
SMARTFIRE USD2,500 USD750 Please inquire

Upgrade price

Upgrade price

■building EXODUS

Product Price
Upgrade building EXODUS Level A→B USD5,200
Upgrade building EXODUS Level B→C USD3,900
Upgrade building EXODUS Level A→C USD7,900

■maritime EXODUS

Product Price
Upgrade maritime EXODUS Level A →B USD4,800
Upgrade maritime EXODUS Level B →C USD5,000
Upgrade maritime EXODUS Level A →C USD9,100

Software support (5 hours, FSEG direct support by English speaking operator)

Software Support

Product Price
building EXODUS Level A USD760
building EXODUS Level B USD1,140
building EXODUS Level C USD1,620
maritime EXODUS USD570



■1. Multi-year license

Product 2 years 3 years
building EXODUS Level A USD5,900 USD8,200
building EXODUS Level B USD11,900 USD16,600
building EXODUS Level C USD15,800 USD22,100
maritime EXODUS Level A USD7,800 USD10,900
maritime EXODUS Level B USD13,700 USD19,100
maritime EXODUS Level C USD19,700 USD27,500

Multi-year Academy license

Product 2 years 3 years
building EXODUS USD4,100 USD5,700
maritime EXODUS USD4,100 USD5,700

■2. Purchase EXODUS and SMARTFIRE at the same time

Product Discount rate
building EXODUS 25%
maritime EXODUS 25%

* 25% discount from each product price

Version Upgrade History

Version Upgrade History

building EXODUS   vrEXODUS   maritime EXODUS
Version Release
Update Contents
6.2  16/01/28
  1. Importing IFC, SMF, FDS file
  2. Acceleration and deceleration of lifts in 3D view
6.0  14/01/27
  1. Elevator model has been added.
    Addition of an elevator model describes elevators precisely in both of a building
    evacuation scenario and an elevator circulation scenario.
    For evacuation scenarios:
    The following three kinds of floor sequence are supported.
    • Floor: Users can select which floors an elevator stops at.
    • Shuttle Floor: An elevator shuttles between specified floors until all agents
      are gone. It moves to a next pick-up floor directly if it has a space inside.
    • Sky Lobby: An elevator shuttles between a pair of specified floors.
      It moves regardless of whether agents is waiting or not.
    For circulation scenarios:
    A lift dispatch algorithm based on the Estimated Time To Destination,
    utilising the Closs rules is implemented which determines the optimal lift
    to dispatch following a floor call.
  2. Lift itineraries
    Two new itineraries have been added. "Lift Bank" is a behavior
    to avoid evacuating by elevator due to the long queue or waiting time.
    "Lift Wait" behavior is that to wait in a line for elevator.
    These itineraries enable not only the use of lifts but also control the
    behaviour of agents when waiting for a lift or their desire to redirect from the lift
    due to either excessive wait times or congestion within the lift waiting area.
    Agents now decide whether or not to use elevators in the buildingEXODUS
    according to four main points.
    • Consideration and decision to use a lift
    • Initial lift area assessment
    • Lift wait behavior
    • Lift redirection
  3. Integrated OpenGL 3D View (Level B and Level C only)
    Enables a rudimentary three dimensional representation of the geometry
    to be viewed directly from within buildingEXODUS during runtime.
  4. Multithreaded
    buildingEXODUS is now multithreaded, reducing run times for large jobs,
    making an already fast model even faster.
  5. User Interface
    The interface now has a tabbed menu bar allowing the user to more rapidly
    switch between operation modes. There are also a range of new menus and
    dialogue boxes associated with the use of lifts.
  6. Output
    A range of new output variables have been defined to measure the performance
    of agents using lifts such as the number of agents to use lifts, number
    of lift journeys, distance travelled using lifts, etc. askEXODUS has been
    expanded to accommodate lift data and the buildingEXODUS to vrEXODUS has
    been modified to enable agent movement between floors to be represented.

Version Release
Updated Contents
4.03 14/02/04
  1. Input of Multiple-Particle-Size smoke model
  2. Addition of Algebraic Multi-Grid solver for pressure correction
  3. Enhanced Fractional Effective Dose (FED) monitor points with occupant
4.02 13/10/16
  1. Addition of the ability of exporting a compatible buildingEXODUS geometry
  2. EXODUS data with hazard data can now be created.
  3. The parallel implementation has been updated with a new x64 bit version and
    various efficiency, memory handling and reliability fixes to improve
    processing and IO performance.
  4. Case specification environment now supports the construction of complex
    geometries objects.
  5. DataView tool now allows multiple cut-planes of vectors and contours,
    as well as adding surface visualisation of scalar data and burning surfaces.
  6. The CFD Engine also now has an x64 bit version to be able
    to handle larger cell budgets.
  7. Data can be saved in AVI format.
  8. CFD engine supports the calculation and prediction of HCN (Hydrogen Cyanide).
  9. Interactive Meshing System now provides optimisation of the mesh at mesh
    generation time. This means that optimised meshes can easily be used
    in Parallel simulations.
  10. Enhancement of Scenario Designer now makes it easier to arrange rooms
    and objects. Door switching condition is now shown in different symbols and
    user can select the default condition as either to be open or closed.
    (All doors in the building or on a floor can be switched.)
  11. Case Specification Environment now supports INLET objects with a Pressure
    against Velocity formulation.
  12. Interactive Meshing System allows the user to specify the maximum
    mesh budget prior to meshing.
  13. CFD Engine supports CSV output and this is more easily imported
    into spreadsheet applications.
  14. The large results file format VTK files have now been changed
    to the faster loading and smaller VTU files.
  15. Toxic gas has been added to the fire monitoring function.
    Progress of the fire can now be checked more easily.
4.01 09/02/03
  1. Japanese manual ver.4.1 released
  2. Improved procedure of data zone specifications
  3. Enhanced morphing for non-cubic structures; e.g. road and railway tunnel
  4. Addition of toxic models (CO,CO2,O2)
  5. HCI, Human Computer Interaction, released model which can consider
    the interaction with wall
  6. Sprinler model
  7. 2D visualization of visible distance
  8. Addition of monitoring points of radiation

■ More version update history   ・SMARTFIRE

Product Operation Environment

Product Operation Environment

OS Windows 8 / 10
CPU ■EXODUS: Pentium II 300MHz or greater
(PentiumIII 733MHz or greater is recommended)
■SMARTFIRE: Intel P4 3.2 GHz, or AMD Athalon X2 4400 or greater
(Intel Core 2 Duo E6600, AMD FX60 or more are recommended)
Required Memory
(including OS)
■EXODUS: Greater than 128MB (Recommended: 512MB or greater)
■SMARTFIRE: Greater than 1024MB (Recommended: 2048MB or greater)
Required Disk Capacity ■EXODUS:Greater than 20MB (Recommended: 100MB or greater)
■SMARTFIRE:Greater than 20GB (Recommended: 40GB or greater)
(Image Resolution)
■EXODUS: More than 1024×768
■SMARTFIRE: More than 1024×864
Extension for the input data PLD
File Export ■EXODUS: VRG, VRS

Order / Contact Us

Order / Contact Us


Contact us from Sales inquiry or email to ist@forum8.co.jp

building EXODUS

▲ Pops concert at downtown

▲ Pops concert at downtown

▲ Pedestrian flow at subway station

▲ Simulation of congestion at rail station

▲ 911 evacuation model

▲ 911 evacuation model

▼ Visualized fire spread range simulated by SMARTFIRE and evacuation by buildingEXODUS
(VR screen shot visualizes evacuation simulation result including smoke spread and crawling occupants)

▲ Automatic detection of rooms and corridors
and creation of space graph

▲ Automatic detection of rooms and corridors
and creation of space graph


▲3D elevator model

▲ OpenGL 3D View

▲ Consideration to use a lift, Itineraries function

▲ Consideration to use a lift, Itineraries function

  1. Consideration and decision to use a lift
  2. Initial lift area assessment
  3. Lift wait behavior
  4. Lift redirection

maritime EXODUS

▲ Simulation case of passenger assembly
time at large cruise ship


▲ SMARTFIRE visualization environment

▲ Sprinkler and water mist modeling capability

▲ Fully unstructured mesh capability

▲ Accident investigation (Swiss Air plane crash at Canada)

▲ Exploring design and test of the aircraft of new concept

▲ Fire and evacuation simulation by EXODUS for cruise ship

▲ Simulation of fire protection performance for building design

▲ Multi particle size soot model

▲ Addition of Algebraic Multi-Grid solver
for pressure correction

▲ Enhanced Fractional Effective Dose (FED)
monitor points with occupant characteristics

UC-win/Road for EXODUS / SMARTFIRE: Utilization of virtual reality technology by data linking

▲ Fire and evacuation simulation
by EXODUS for cruise ship



1. Tunnel (evacuation planning and simulation )

 Simulation of an evacuation in an aging society using 3D VR
Due to the aging population, there are many public facilities that were built during years of rapid economic growth. Evacuation analysis using 3D VR is an analysis involving the study of characteristics inherent to the elderly and suggesting low-cost safety measures using the existing infrastructure. This case supposes there's a fire in a tunnel and introduces the linkage of 3D VR to an evacuation analysis of an evacuation situation with elderly and healthy people.
(Taisei Engineering Co., Ltd.)
The 7th 3D VR simulation contest Design award winner
▲ Flow diagram: examining evacuation from vehicle fire in tunnel
Click to enlarge the image. Click to enlarge the image.
▲ Fire simulation result at time 550s
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▲ Examining evacuation from vehicle fire in tunnel
(Tunnel shape, fire origin model )
▲ Stopping vehicles in tunnel model
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 ▲ Evacuation of healthy adult people  ▲ Evacuation of elderly people
Click to enlarge the image. Click to enlarge the image.
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▲ Examining evacuation from vehicle fire in tunnel (Evacuating people's models inside the Tunnel)

 Qingdao JiaoZhou bay Tunnel Project
The utilization of VR simulation on tunnel construction and the simulated results by EXODUS, SMARTFIRE are expressed via UC-win/Road. Qingdao JiaoZhou bay tunnel construction is integral in connecting major zones in Qingdao city and areas located in town peripheries. The construction of this tunnel is anticipated to raise total profits by significantly improving the investment environment of the western island and promoting the rapid development of the economy of the new ward. Qingdao JiaoZhou bay tunnel plays a big part in realizing its dream as a big international city.
(Nepoch Consultant Co., Ltd., China)
The 6th 3D VRsimulation contest Overseas award winner
▲ Tunnel evacuation VR (Model of Qintao, China)

2. Store fire (Fire and evacuation simulation) (Presentation about Karaoke store)

 Fire at Takarazuka karaoke box
An actual case of an fire evacuation, simulated by SMARTFIRE and buildingEXODUS. According to a report by Takarazuka city fire department, a fire broke at Karaoke box "Beat" in Takarazuka, Hyogo Prefecture at around 18:30 on Saturday, January 20th. The disastrous fire, which broke out on the cooker of the first floor kitchen, claimed the loss of total 218m2 area of the 2 story steel-framed-structure building for offices and warehouses before being extinguished an hour later. Among 18 store employee and customers inside the building at the time of the fire, 7 people who needed help were rescued 26-38 minutes after the report, 3 found in the back room of the 2nd floor were killed from CO poisoning and other 5, including 1 seriously injured, were injured.
 ■ Setting condition of the building
  ・Around 18: 30, January 20, 2007 (about 1 hour between fire reported and extinguished)
  ・Death: 3 (18 years old: 1, 17years old: 1, 16years old: 1)
  ・Injured: 5 (17years old: 1, Junior high student: 4)
  ・The number of people inside the building: 17 total 17 (9 on 1st floor, 8 on 2nd floor)
  ・Use of the building: office and warehouse
  ・2 story steel framed structure: Construction are approximately 124m2, Total area approximately 218m2
  ・Area lost by fire approximately 1072 (half burnt, total loss)
Presented at International Disaster Protection Session, Smart Software Conference Korea 2010 (Daegu, Korea)
Click to enlarge the image. Click to enlarge the image.
▲ vr-EXODUS ▲ Fire simulation in progress (SMARTFIRE)
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 ▲ SMARTFIRE data viewing screen  ▲ Fire evacuation simulation in progress

3. Airport (Evacuation simulation in large scale)

 Evacuation simulation at Shanghai Hongqiao-Rainbow Bridge-Traffic Center Building
Shanghai Hongqiao is a large hub, that is connected to railway, road traffic, long-distance passenger bus and other transportation system and the construction was one of the most complicated in the world. For reproduction and ensuring safety, the overall planning and the simulation of distributed pedestrian flow was required. Hence, the representation of VR was made by using EXODUS evacuation simulation and UC-win/Road
(Shanghai T.E.F Building Safety Consulting Co.,Ltd, China)
The 7th 3D VR simulation contest nomination award
Click to enlarge the image. Click to enlarge the image.
▲ Simulation of pedestrian flow
at the airport, visualized by UC-win/Road
▲ Evacuation model of Shanghai Hongqiao
International Airport
(EXODUS, left and UC-win/Road, right)
Click to enlarge the image. Click to enlarge the image.

4.Office, hotel and housing complex: Pedestrian Flow simulation

 Pedestrian simulation at complex building over 3. different hours a day
Pedestrian flow was simulated by "exodus" over 3 patterns: 6:00-12:00, morning commuting hours; 12:00-18:00, business hours of shops and restaurants; and evening commuting hours. DXF file of the designed buildings were imported, nodes and exits were placed as modeling for the simulation and 3 pedestrian flow files set for each time zone were provided, and simulation was carried out separately. UC-win/Road has UC-win/Road EXODUS Plug-in, a plug-in option which can move the human model by reading the data of human behavior simulated by EXODUS. The plug-in option can import the data and represent the pedestrian behavior realistically in VR. Human behavior reproduced by UC-win/Road can be recorded in xml by Micro Simulation Player. This xml data is further used to visualize the crowd density in circle graph at SECOM Intelligent Systems Laboratory by using IFC data. In addition, it was reflected in the safety plan by the analysis and the use of visualizing by the polygon with a cross-sectional view of the line route.
 ■ Condition setting of the building
  ・Hotel: 250 rooms (underground parking lot: minimum 100 lots)
  ・Office: Area no less than 50,000m2 (underground parking lot: minimum 200 lots)
  ・Housing: 200 households : 80 x 3 bed apartments, 80 x 2 bed apartments, 40 x 1 bed(1 car/1 household (total: 200))
  ・Shopping space : 2000m2 (designed in the combination of 1,2 and 3)
Won Build London Live 2009 Grand Prix
(team BIM Japan: BIM Architects, Inc. as a chief architect, Taisei Corporation in charge of structure, Informatix Inc. in charge of 4.Dsimulation, SECOM Intelligent Systems Laboratory in charge of security, and FORUM8 in charge of pedestrian simulation structural simulation and virtual reality. )
▲ Setting of pedestrians' action area
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▲ Representation of 6:00-12:00,
morning commuting hours
▲ Representation of evening
commuting hours

5.Build Live Tokyo 2009 II (evacuation planning/simulation )

 Examining evacuation at Housing complex
  ・Build Live Tokyo 2009 II (Hosted by Japan IAI) [A competition with the theme "BIM 3D modeling"]
  ・Housing complex site in Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture
  ・Rebuild plan of Housing complex
 ■ Condition setting of the building
  ・Floors: 5-8 floors
  ・Population: 120 daytime/238 nighttime
Won Build London Live 2009 Engineering Award
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▲ Evacuation simulation in progress (buildingEXODUS)
▲ Housing complex site in Kawasaki City,
Kanagawa Prefecture
▲ CAD drawings by Allplan
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▲ Evacuation model on (vrEXODUS) ▲ VR representation by UC-win/Road to examine
evacuation at housing complex

6.Build Live Tokyo 2010 (evacuation planning, simulation )

 Examining evacuation at media art center
Media Art Center, Minamino, Hachioji, Tokyo
Media art center, which is to be planned, has features such as exhibition hall and multi-purpose hall. As it is expected to attract customers after the completion, careful consideration of the trajectories are expected in the early stage of the basic design. The data, which was created by Allplan BIM Integrated Solution as basic design model, will be linked to evacuation simulation software EXODUS for pedestrian simulation. The simulation result will be visualized in VR environment by UC-win/Road. That feedback to the basic design allows the problem solving in early stage and the front-loading of the plan.
Won Build Live Tokyo 2010 IFC Data LinkageAward
▲ Pedestrians' action area is to be set on DXF file imported from Allplan
 ▲ Pedestrians are crowded close to the exit ▲ For wider exit, elevator is removed to secure flow line 
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▲ Human models, being placed on DXF data,
are to set particular information
and destination
▲ VR representation by UC-win/Road:
examining evacuation at housing complex

7. GT Tower (evacuation drill) / Nakameguro station (Pedestrian flow simulation)

 Simulation of evacuation drill at Nakameguro GT Tower Building
 ■ GT Tower outline
  ・Stories: 25 floors (Only staircases at 2nd to 3rd floor)   ・building population: about 1,800 (80/ floor)

 ■ Condition and settings of the building
  ・Object: Nakameguro GT Tower   ・Floors: 13 (no staircase floors included)   ・Floor plan
  ・Population: about 60/ floor   ・Point of fire origin: 1st floor

▲ CAD drawing of the high rise building (common to each floor)
▲ Simulation condition - fire property settings (Heat release rates, smoke generation)
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▲ Fire Simulation in progress (SMARTFIRE) ▲ SMARTFIRE on-screen data view
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▲ Fire evacuation simulation in progress (buildingEXODUS) ▲ Evacuation model on screen (vrEXODUS)
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▲ VR representation by UC-win/Road - fire evacuation drill at high rise building

 Nakameguro station pedestrian simulation
Quick and evacuation simulation and pedestrian flow VR simulation in 3D VR space is easily enabled by the combination of EXODUS and UC-win/Road
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▲ Input of station floor information(EXODUS) ▲ Replay with movable view point,
time history and speed
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▲ Evaluation of walk path and sign visibility

1. Application

Is the simulation by buildingEXODUS limited to the time of emergency?

No. buildingEXODUS can be used for the simulation of various human behaviors in usual as well as emergency.

What are the advantages of evacuation simulation by buildingEXODUS?

buildingEXODUS allows the investigation of the result of various effect in specific scenarios by simulating based on varying parameters - activities, procedures, environment, deployment -the generated parameters. It also allows graphical representation of the simulation result.

2. Function

Tell me how to execute buildingEXODUS simulation fastest?

You should choose batch mode to execute the buildingEXODUS simulation fastest.
You can save time by eliminating graphic drawing of the calculation process.

How evacuees are placed at random in batch mode process?

The best way to place to the zone at random normally and save as new EXO file. In batch mode process, you can load multiple EXO files at once, instead of loading single EXO files one by one and placing evacuees at random.

Is it possible to import graphs of buildingEXODUS to other program like word processor?

Yes, it is.

Can I check evacuation simulation visually in time periodical history?

Yes. You can check visually in 2D or 3D the simulation result: evacuation behavior of evacuees you have placed.

Can EXODUS import CAD data of buildings?

Yes, it can. EXODUS can read all layers of DXF files. You must delete unnecessary drawing data on CAD software before exporting the data in DXF file.

3. Output

Can I output the scenario setting condition of the initial setting?

Yes. buildingEXODUS allows you to output the scenario setting in detail.

 >> Support page EXODUS Q&As (Japanese)
 >> Support page SMARTFIRE Q&As (Japanese)